- System requirements
- Profiler architecture
- Running the profiler
- Profiler activation
- Running applications with the profiler
- Connect to profiled application
- Troubleshoot connection problems
- Solving performance problems
- CPU profiling
- CPU usage estimation
- Asynchronous sampling
- Call counting
- CPU tab
- CPU usage telemetry
- Call tree - All threads merged
- Call tree - By thread
- Flame graph
- Hot spots
- Method list
- Java EE profiling results
- Callee list view
- Method merged callees view
- Method back traces view
- What-if: an ability to ignore particular methods or focus on particular methods only
- Comparing performance snapshots
- Sampling settings
- Tracing settings
- Deadlock detector
- Memory profiling
- Garbage collection
- Monitor profiling
- Exception profiling
- Probes: monitor events of various kinds
- Performance Charts
- Inspections: automatic recognition of typical problems
- Automatically trigger actions on event
- Summary, snapshot annotation, automatic deobfuscation
- IDE integration
- Time measurement (CPU time, wall time)
- Snapshot directory customization
- Export of profiling results to HTML, CSV, XML, plain text
- Profiler Java API
- Profiler HTTP API
- Command line tool to control profiling
- FAQ: How to profile in my scenario?
CPU flame graph is a way to visualize entire application call tree, which allows to find performance bottlenecks quickly and easily. Execution paths which consume most of the CPU time are wider and more visible on the graph.
Flame graph is available in both live mode, when you profile the running application, and when you analyze captured snapshot. In live mode graph updates in real time, when UI synchronizes with profiler agent.
Profiler shows flame graph in CPU tracing, sampling and asynchronous sampling modes. For call counting mode the graph is not available, because call stacks are not collected.
Along horizontal axis flame graph draws the stacks sorted by execution time. You always see the longest methods at the left side of the graph, that simplifies analyzes.
The width of the graph element is proportional to the time of the corresponding stack frame. The wider the element the more time it consumed.
Call stacks are laid out vertically, and grow from bottom to top. That is similar to Java stack trace you can see printed in a console.
The colors of the graph have no meaning, they just visually separate neighbour elements and are chosen from a flame palette. Red color of element does not mean that corresponding method consume more CPU time.
When you move the mouse pointer over the graph elements, the balloon with legend will be shown. It displays the fully qualified method name with parameter types, consumed time and the number of invocations (if available). The hot spot methods are marked with icon.
Sometimes you may want to closely inspect a short method. Usually short methods are narrow and the graph is not able to show its called methods. In this case you can zoom in the method. The whole graph will be scaled and zoomed element will occupy entire screen width, revealing hidden details. Zoom in is activated by double-click or from popup menu. ESC resets zoom and returns graph to its original scale.
Flame graph respects filter settings and collapse filtered methods the same way as it does CPU call tree. Inside filtered elements you will see small button that allows to unfilter the element. You can always undo unfiltering by using the Ctrl+Z shortcut or from popup menu.
The following actions are available in the popup menu:
- File | Export to... (Ctrl+S) - exports flame graph to PNG image.
- Tools | Open in IDE (F8) - opens method declaration in IDE editor. See IDE integration.